ARTS

ADA 2OR Grade 10, Dramatic Arts (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course requires students to actively explore dramatic forms and techniques, using their own ideas and concerns as well as sources selected from a wide range of authors, genres, and cultures. Student learning will include identifying and using the principles of space, time, voice, and movement in creating, sustaining, and communicating authentic roles within a drama. Students will assume responsibility for decisions made in the creation and presentation of the drama, and will analyse and reflect on the experience.
Grade 10 drama reinforces and expands the skills developed in ADA1OR. Students will use vocal and physical expression to communicate different roles in drama. The world of children’s theatre will be explored in conjunction with primary aged students. Students will be able to use their own ideas and experiences to explore various dramatic forms. Some focus will be on the technical aspects of theatre.

AMG2OR Music, Guitar (Open)
Prerequisite: AMG1OR
This course emphasizes the performance of music at a level that strikes a balance between challenge and skill and is aimed at developing technique, sensitivity, and imagination. Students will participate in creative activities that teach them to listen with understanding. They will also learn correct musical terminology and its appropriate use.

AMU 2OR Grade 10, Music, Band (Open)
Prerequisite: None
Recommended Background: Grade 9, Music (Band)
This course emphasizes performance of music at an intermediate level that strikes a balance between challenge and skill. Student learning will include participating in creative activities and listening perceptively. Students will also be required to develop a thorough understanding of the language of music, including the elements, terminology, and history.
This is a continuation of AMU1O that leads to both Jazz Repertoire and Concert Band courses at the Grade 11 level. A $15.00 fee will be charged to cover the cost of the theory workbook used in this course.

AMV2OR Grade 10, Music, Vocal (Open)
Recommended Background: Grade 9, Music (Vocal)
See AMU2OR for course description.
This is a continuation of AMV1O.

ASM 2OR Grade 10, Media Arts, (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course will develop students’ artistic knowledge and skills by introducing them to current media arts technologies and processes. Student learning will include the analysis, appreciation, and production of media art, using a variety of traditional techniques (e.g., photography, film, photocopy art, video, analog sound recording) and emergent technologies (e.g., computer, digital camera, scanner, multimedia, animation).
Students are introduced to the technical, historical, and theoretical aspects of media; photography, video and film; computer-generated arts, and the new hybridized varieties found in combinations of the above. Students are recommended to have a digital camera for in-class use. Students are expected to attend a field trip to Ken Reid Conservation Area for a landscape photography assignment. The focus of this course is to offer fun and creative “hands on” projects so a fee of $20.00 will be charged to cover the cost of material.

ATC 2OR Grade 10, Dance, Co-Ed (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course requires students to develop their dance skills and learn a theoretical basis for working with anatomical structure in executing dance movements. Student learning will include the processes that form the basis for creating dance; the historical development of dance and the vocabulary of dance criticism. Students’ will develop their own aesthetic appreciation of dance as they participate in dance class, rehearsal, and performance.

AVI 2OP Grade 10, Visual Arts (Open, Enriched)
Prerequisite: None
Recommended Background: Grade 9, Visual Arts, Enriched or interview.
See AVI2OR for course description.
Students will also learn about the connections between works of art and their historical contexts. Course objectives may be achieved either through a comprehensive program or through a program focused on a particular art form (e.g. drawing, painting).
A materials fee of $20.00 will be charged to cover the cost of other art forms – i.e. print- making and sculpture. This course is intended for students interested in pursuing Advanced Placement in Visual Arts in Grade 12.

AVI 2OR Grade 10, Visual Arts (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course emphasizes learning through practice; building on what students know; and introducing them to new ideas, materials, and processes for artistic thinking and experimentation. Student learning will include the refined application of the elements and principles of design, incorporating the creative and design processes, and the relationship between form and content.
Students will also learn about the connections between works of art and their historical contexts. Course objectives may be achieved either through a comprehensive program or through a program focused on a particular art form (e.g. drawing, painting).
This course is designed for the Grade 10 or 11 student who has never taken Art before but wants the creative experience. It is hands-on, project driven, fun course where you will explore a variety of mediums. You will explore projects in both graphic arts and design. A $25.00 course fee will be charged for materials and a complete set of notes.

BUSINESS STUDIES

BBI 2OR Grade 10, Introduction to Business (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course introduces students to the world of business. Students will develop an understanding of the functions of business, including accounting, marketing, information technology, human resources, and production, and of the importance of ethics and social responsibility. This course builds a foundation for further studies in business and helps students develop the business knowledge and skills they will need in their everyday lives.
This course is a must for anyone interested in a career in business and personal money management.

TECHNOLOGICAL EDUCATION

ICS 20R Grade 10, Introduction to Computer Studies (Open)

Prerequisite:  None
This course introduces students to computer programming. Students will plan and write simple computer programs by applying fundamental programming concepts, and learn to create clear and maintainable internal documentation. They will also learn to manage a computer by studying hardware configurations, software selection, operating system functions, networking, and safe computing practices. Students will also investigate the social impact of computer technologies, and develop an understanding of environmental and ethical issues related to the use of computers

TCJ 2OR Grade 10, Construction Technology (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course introduces students to building materials and processes through opportunities to design and build various construction projects. Students will learn to create and read working drawings; become familiar with common construction materials, components, and processes; and perform a variety of fabrication, assembly, and finishing operations. They will use a variety of hand and power tools and apply knowledge of imperial and metric systems of measurement, as appropriate. Students will develop an awareness of environmental and societal issues related to construction technology, and will explore secondary and postsecondary pathways leading to careers in the industry.
Projects include the lumberjack string puzzle, cabinet design and construction plus a residential construction project of the student’s choice.

TCJ2O1 Construction Technology – Electrical (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course introduces students to building materials and processes through opportunities to design and build various construction projects. Students will learn to create and read working drawings; become familiar with common construction materials, components, and processes; and perform a variety of fabrication, assembly, and finishing operations. They will use a variety of hand and power tools and apply knowledge of imperial and metric systems of measurement, as appropriate. Students will develop an awareness of environmental and societal issues related to construction technology, and will explore secondary and postsecondary pathways leading to careers in the industry.  This course will have an electrical emphasis.

TDJ 2OR Grade 10, Technological Design (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course provides students with opportunities to apply a design process to meet a variety of technological challenges. Students will research projects, create designs, build models and/or prototypes, and assess products and/or processes using appropriate tools, techniques, and strategies. Student projects may include designs for homes, vehicles, bridges, robotic arms, clothing, or other products. Students will develop an awareness of environmental and societal issues related to technological design, and learn about secondary and postsecondary education and training leading to careers in the field.
This course introduces students on how to apply the design process to various situations such as designing your dream home.

TEJ 2OR Grade 10, Computer Technology (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course introduces students to computer systems, networking, and interfacing, as well as electronics and robotics. Students will assemble, repair, and configure computers with various types of operating systems and applications software. Students will build small electronic circuits and write computer programs to control simple peripheral devices or robots. Students will also develop an awareness of environmental and societal issues and learn about secondary and postsecondary pathways to careers in computer technology.

TFJ2O Grade 10, Hospitality and Tourism, (Open)

Prerequisite: None

This course provides students with opportunities to explore different areas of hospitality and tourism, as reflected in the various sectors of the tourism industry, with an emphasis on food service. Students will study culinary techniques of food handling and preparation, health and safety standards, the use of tools and equipment, the origins of foods, and event planning, and will learn about tourism attractions across Ontario. Students will develop an awareness of related environmental and societal issues, and will explore secondary and postsecondary pathways leading to careers in the tourism industry.

 

TGJ 2OR Grade 10, Communications Technology (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course introduces students to communications technology from a media perspective. Students will work in the areas of TV/video and movie production, radio and audio production, print and graphic communications, photography, and interactive new media and animation. Student projects may include computer-based activities such as creating videos, editing photos, working with audio, cartooning, developing animations, and designing web pages. Students will also develop an awareness of environmental and societal issues related to communications technology, and will explore secondary and postsecondary education and training pathways and career opportunities in the various communications technology fields.
Students will be working in groups and completing projects in each of the following areas: animation, video recording, webpage design, video editing, desktop publishing, audio editing and PowerPoint.

THJ 2OR Grade 10, Green Industries (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course introduces students to the various sectors of the green industries – agriculture, forestry, horticulture, floristry, and landscaping. Using materials, processes, and techniques commonly employed in these industries, students will participate in a number of hands-on projects that may include plant or animal propagation; production, maintenance, and harvesting activities; the development of floral or landscaping designs; and/or related construction activities. Students will also develop an awareness of environmental and societal issues related to green industry activities, learn about safe and healthy working practices and explore secondary and postsecondary education and training pathways and career opportunities in the various industry sectors.

TTJ 2OR Grade 10, Transportation Technology (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course introduces students to the service and maintenance of vehicles, aircraft, and/or watercraft. Students will develop knowledge and skills related to the construction and operation of vehicle/craft systems and learn maintenance and repair techniques. Student projects may include the construction of a self-propelled vehicle or craft, engine service, tire/wheel service, electrical/battery service, and proper body care. Students will develop an awareness of related environmental and societal issues and will explore secondary and postsecondary pathways leading to careers in the transportation industry.
The time in this course is split equally between automotive and small engines.

CANADIAN AND WORLD STUDIES

CHC 2DR Grade 10, Canadian History Since World War I (Academic)
Prerequisite: None
This course explores the local, national, and global forces that have shaped Canada’s national identity from World War I to the present. Students will investigate the challenges presented by economic, social, and technological changes and explore the contributions of individuals and groups to Canadian culture and society during this period. Students will use critical-thinking and communication skills to evaluate various interpretations of the issues and events of the period and to present their own points of view.

CHC 2PR Grade 10, Canadian History Since World War I (Applied)
Prerequisite: None
This course explores some of the pivotal events and experiences that have influenced the development of Canada’s identity as a nation, from World War I to the present. By examining how the country has responded to economic, social, and technological changes and how individuals and groups have contributed to Canadian culture and society during this period, students will develop their ability to make connections between historical and current events. Students will have opportunities to formulate questions, locate information, develop informed opinions, and present ideas about the central issues and events of the period.

CHC 2LR Grade 10, Canadian History Since (Essential)

Prerequisite: None
This course explores some of the pivotal events and experiences that have influenced the development of Canada’s identity as a nation, from World War I to the present. By examining how the country has responded to economic, social, and technological changes and how individuals and groups have contributed to Canadian culture and society during this period, students will develop their ability to make connections between historical and current events. Students will have opportunities to formulate questions, locate information, develop informed opinions, and present ideas about the central issues and events of the period.  Permission from Head of Special Education is required.

SOCIAL SCIENCES

HNL2O Grade 10, Clothing, (Open)

Prerequisite: None

This course introduces students to the world of clothing. Students will gain knowledge about clothing and demonstrate basic skills associated with various techniques and technologies used to create garments and accessories. Students will learn about the functions of clothing and accessories and what clothing communicates about the wearer. They will learn how to enhance their personal wardrobe by assessing garment quality, developing shopping strategies, and developing an understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of various retail formats. Students will develop research skills as they investigate topics related to clothing.

HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PAF 2OF Grade 10, Personal and Fitness Activities, Female (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course focuses on the development of a healthy lifestyle with an emphasis on personal physical fitness. Regular work-outs will include an emphasis on weight training, cardiovascular training, flexibility, relaxation and toning. Students will also participate in lifetime recreational activities. Students will examine issues related to weight training theory, healthy sexuality, healthy eating, and body image.

PAF 2OM Grade 10, Personal and Fitness Activities, Male (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active living. Student learning will include the application of movement principles to refine skills; participation in a variety of activities that enhance personal competence, fitness, and health; examination of issues related to healthy sexuality, healthy eating, substance use and abuse; and the use of informed decision-making, conflict resolution, and social skills in making personal choices.
Students will have the opportunity to explore fitness activities (cycling, aerobic fitness, strength and resistance training) and lifetime recreational activities (badminton, tennis, bowling).

PPL 2OF Grade 10, Healthy Active Living Education, Female (Open)
PPL 2OM Grade 10, Healthy Active Living Education, Male (Open)
Prerequisite: None
This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active living. Student learning will include the application of movement principles to refine skills; participation in a variety of activities that enhance personal competence, fitness, and health; examination of issues related to healthy sexuality, healthy eating, substance use and abuse; and the use of informed decision-making, conflict resolution, and social skills in making personal choices.
There may also be opportunities to participate in community recreation activities for a small fee (i.e. bowling, curling, rock climbing).

LANGUAGES

ENG 2DP Grade 10, English (Academic, Enriched)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 English, Enriched or Academic
See ENG2DR for course description.
Recommended to have consistently achieved marks at Level 3 or higher throughout ENG1D.
This course is intended for students interested in pursuing Advanced Placement English in Grade 12.

ENG 2DR Grade 10, English (Academic)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 English, Enriched, Academic or Applied
This course is designed to extend the range of oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyze literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. This course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 11 university or college preparation course.
Recommended to have consistently achieved marks at Level 3 or higher throughout ENG1D

ENG 2LR Grade 10, English (Essential)
Prerequisite: A Grade 9 English credit
This course emphasizes key reading, writing, oral communication and thinking skills that students need for success in secondary school and for their daily lives. Students will study plays, short stories, and newspaper and magazine articles, and will describe and create media works. An important focus will be the correct use of spoken and written language.
Permission must be obtained from the Head of Special Education to take this course.

ENG 2PR Grade 10, English (Applied) Prerequisite: Grade 9 English, Academic or Applied
This course is designed to extend the range of oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in secondary school and daily life. Students will study and create a variety of informational, literary, and graphic texts. An important focus will be on the consolidation of strategies and processes that help students interpret texts and communicate clearly and effectively. This course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 11 college or workplace preparation course.

FSF2DP Grade 10, Core French (Academic, Enriched)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 French, Enriched or Academic
See FSF2DR for course description.
Recommended to have consistently achieved marks at Level 3 or higher throughout FSF1D.

FSF 2DR Grade 10, Core French (Academic)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 French, Enriched, Academic or Applied
This course enables students to increase their knowledge of the French language, further develop their language skills, and deepen their understanding and appreciation of francophone culture around the world. Exploring a variety of themes, students will develop and apply critical thinking skills in discussion, in their analysis and interpretation of texts, and in their own writing.

FSF 2PR Grade 10, Core French (Applied)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 French, Academic or Applied
This course emphasizes the further development of oral communication, reading, and writing skills using a broad-based theme such as adolescence. Students will expand their knowledge of French by studying a series of theme-related topics, such as students’ rights and responsibilities, relationships with peers and adults, and part-time jobs.

MATHEMATICS

MAT 2LR Grade 10, Mathematics (Essential)
Prerequisite: A Grade 9 Mathematics credit
This course emphasizes the extension of mathematical knowledge and skills to prepare students for success in their everyday lives, in the workplace, and in the Mathematics Grade 11 and Grade 12 Workplace Preparation courses. The course is organized into three strands related to money sense, measurement, and proportional reasoning. In all strands, the focus is on strengthening and extending key foundational mathematical concepts and skills by solving authentic, everyday problems. Students have opportunities to extend their mathematical literacy and problem-solving skills and to continue developing their skills in reading, writing, and oral language through relevant and practical math activities.
This course is intended for students who have an Individual Education Plan (IEP) which has been developed with the guidance of the Head of Special Education, whose permission must be obtained to register for this course.

MFM 2PR Grade 10, Foundations of Mathematics (Applied)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 Mathematics, Academic or Applied
This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relationships. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right-angled triangles, and the measurement of three-dimensional objects. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

MPM 2DP Grade 10, Principles of Mathematics (Academic, Enriched)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 Mathematics, Enriched or Academic
See MPM2DR for course description.
This course is intended for students interested in pursuing Advanced Placement Mathematics in Grade 12.

MPM 2DR Grade 10, Principles of Mathematics (Academic)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 Mathematics, Enriched or Academic
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relationships and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically as they solve multistep problems and communicate their thinking.
This course is recommended for students who consistently achieve at provincial standards in MPM1D (level 3 or higher).

SCIENCE

SNC 2DP Grade 10, Science (Academic, Enriched)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 Science, Enriched or Academic
See SNC2DR for course description.
This course is intended for students interested in pursuing Advanced Placement Science in Grade 12.

SNC 2DR Grade 10, Science (Academic)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 Science, Enriched, Academic or Applied
This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid-base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.
Prerequisite: Grade 9 Science, Enriched or Academic

SNC 2LR Grade 10, Science (Essential)
Prerequisite: A Grade 9 Science credit
This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics; to develop further their practical skills in scientific investigation; and to apply their knowledge of science to real-world situations. Students will design and conduct investigations into everyday problems and issues related to ecological sustainability, chemical reactions, weather systems, and motion.
This course is intended for students who may require modifications to the curriculum expectations. These are students who have an Individual Education Plan (IEP) which has been developed with the guidance of the Head of Special Education, whose permission must be obtained to register for this course.

SNC 2PR Grade 10, Science (Applied)
Prerequisite: Grade 9 Science, Academic or Applied
This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics; to develop further their practical skills in scientific investigation; and to apply their knowledge of science to real-world situations. Students will design and conduct investigations into everyday problems and issues related to ecological sustainability, chemical reactions, weather systems, and motion.
Students who experienced significant difficulties with SNC1P should choose SNC2L instead of SNC2P

GUIDANCE AND CAREER EDUCATION

GLC20R & CHV20R Grade 10, Career Studies and Civics (Open)
Prerequisite: None
Career Studies
This course teaches students how to develop and achieve personal goals for future learning, work, and community involvement. Students will assess their interests, skills, and characteristics and investigate current economic and workplace trends, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The course explores postsecondary learning and career options, prepares students for managing work and life transitions, and helps students focus on their goals through the development of a career plan.

Civics
This course explores what it means to be an informed, participating citizen in a democratic society. Students will learn about the elements of democracy in local, national, and global contexts, about political reactions to social change, and about political decision-making processes in Canada. They will explore their own and others’ ideas about civics questions and learn how to think critically about public issues and react responsibly to them.
This is a compulsory course.

GLE 2OR Grade 10, Learning Strategies (Open)
Prerequisite: Recommendation of Head of Special Education
This course focuses on learning strategies to help students become better, more independent learners. Students will learn how to develop and apply literacy and numeracy skills, personal-management skills, and interpersonal and teamwork skills to improve their learning and achievement in school, the workplace, and the community. The course helps students build confidence and motivation to pursue opportunities for success in secondary school and beyond.
Registration is reserved for students with special needs.