ARTS

ADA 4MR Grade 12, Drama (University/College)

Prerequisite: ADA3OR
This course requires students to experiment with forms and conventions in dramatic literature, and to create, script, and present original and adapted works. Students will do research on dramatic forms, conventions, themes, and theories of acting and directing from different historical periods, and apply their knowledge of these in interpreting dramatic literature, including Canadian works and works from various cultures in the late twentieth century. Students will also examine the significance of dramatic arts in various cultures.
In this course, the history of theatre is explored through research, analysis, and hands-on presentation. Students will explore theories of acting and directing, as well as dramatic conventions from various historical periods. Canadian theatre, as well as drama from other cultures, will be explored and interpreted.

ADA 4ER Grade 12, Drama (Workplace)

Prerequisite: ADA3OR
This course requires students to create and present a variety of dramatic works relevant to the workplace. Students will develop character both through hands-on experience and project-based learning to build trust and collaborative skills and develop self-confidence. Students will also explore skills related to the study of drama that can be applied in the workplace.

AMC 4MR Grade 12, Music for Creating (University/College)

Prerequisite: AMC3MR, AMU3MR, AMV3OR, AMG3MR or AMG3OR
This performance based class focuses on performance of popular music using instruments of your choice.

AMU 4MR Grade 12, Music (University/College)

Prerequisite: AMU3MR, AMV3MR, AMG3MR or AMG3OR
This course emphasizes the appreciation, analysis, and performance of music from the romantic period and from the twentieth century, including jazz, popular music, art music, and Canadian and non-Western music. Students will concentrate on developing interpretive skills and the ability to work independently. They will also complete complex creative projects.
There will be a fee of $15.00 to cover the cost of a theory workbook.

AMU 4MR Grade 12, Vocal Music (University/College)

Prerequisite: AMV3OR
This is a performance based course that is a continuation of AMV3OR.

ASM 4MR Grade 12, Media Arts (University/College)

Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 course in the Arts (Recommended: ASM3OR)
This course emphasizes the refinement of media arts skills through the creation of a thematic body of work by applying traditional and emerging technologies, tools, and techniques such as multimedia, computer animation, installation art, and performance art. Students will develop works that express their views on contemporary issues and will create portfolios suitable for use in either career or postsecondary education applications. Students will critically analyse the role of media artists in shaping audience perceptions of identity, culture, and community values.
Students will maintain a portfolio of their media artworks and will be charged a fee of $25.00 to cover the cost of material. Projects will include digital installations and a variety of off-site photo shoots. Students are required to have access to a digital camera for in-class work. Students interested in graphic arts, advertising, game design, animation, photography, film studies should take this course.

AVI 4MP Grade 12, Visual Arts (University/College) Double Credit

Prerequisite: AVI3MP, AVI3MR, AVI30R OR AWH30R
See AVI4MR for course description.
This course focuses on students creating pieces for their portfolio and allows for opportunities to learn advanced drawing and rendering techniques, high-end watercolour and other illustration skills, architectural design and industrial design will be introduced. An upgrade fee of $50.00 may be charged. This course is intended for those students interested in Advanced Placement Visual Arts.
Please select AVI4MP and AWM4MP on your option sheet.

AVI 4MR Grade 12, Visual Arts (University/College)

Prerequisite: AVI3MP, AVI3MR, AVI30R, AWH30R
This course focuses on the refinement of students’ skills and knowledge in visual arts. Students will analyse art forms; use theories of art in analyzing and producing art; and increase their understanding of stylistic changes in Western art, Canadian (including Native Canadian) art, and art forms from various parts of the world.
Students will produce a body of work demonstrating a personal approach.

AWD 4MR Grade 12, Visual Arts, Graphic Arts (University/College)

Prerequisite: AVI3MP, AVI3MR, AVI30R, AWH3OR, AVI4MP OR AVI4MR
This course focuses on studio activities in one or more of the visual arts. Students will create artworks that explore a wide range of subject matter and will evaluate artworks using specific criteria. They will also examine the historical and cultural contexts of Western art (including Canadian art) and art from various world cultures to support their study of specific media.
This unique course is geared to students pursuing a career in Graphic Art, Design, Advertising, Marketing, Fashion, Illustration, Animation or Interior Design. The student will choose their area of concentration and develop portfolio pieces to reach their goal. The end result will be a portfolio suitable for the College and/or University application process.

IDC 4UR Grade 12, Interdisciplinary Studies, Yearbook (Open) Double Credit

Prerequisite: IDC 3OR
This course will focus on the preparation of the school’s yearbook. Students who are enrolled in this course must also take IDC 3OR. Applicants must be prepared to submit a portfolio of their work.
Please select IDC3OR and IDC4UR on your option sheet.

BUSINESS STUDIES

BAT 4MR Grade 12, Financial Accounting Principles (University/College)

Prerequisite: BAF3MR
This course introduces students to advanced accounting principles that will prepare them for postsecondary studies in business. Students will learn about financial statements for various forms of business ownership and how those statements are interpreted in making business decisions. This course expands students’ knowledge of sources of financing, further develops accounting methods for assets, and introduced accounting for partnerships and corporations.
This course is ideal for those students interested in pursuing accounting-related careers at the college or university level.

BTX 4ER Grade 12, Information and Communication Technology in the Workplace (Workplace)

Prerequisite: None
This course focuses on information and communication technology in the workplace.

TECHNOLOGICAL EDUCATION

TCJ 4CR Grade 12, Construction Engineering Technology (College)

Prerequisite: TCJ3CR OR TCJCW
This course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills related to residential construction and to explore light commercial construction. Students will gain hands-on experience using a variety of materials, processes, tools, and equipment and will learn more about building design and project planning. They will continue to create and interpret construction drawings and will extend their knowledge of construction terminology and of relevant building codes and regulations, as well as health and safety standards and practices. Students will also focus on environmental and societal issues related to construction engineering technology, and explore career opportunities in the field.
An excellent course to prepare a student for construction-related post-secondary education opportunities.

TCJ 4CW Grade 12, Construction Engineering Technology (College) Double Credit

Prerequisite: TCJ3CR OR TCJCW
See TCJ4CR for course description.
An excellent course to prepare a student for construction-related post-secondary education opportunities.

TDJ 4OR Grade 12, Technological Design in the Twenty-first Century (Open)

Prerequisite: None
This course focuses on the relationship between society and technological development. Students will use appropriate tools, techniques, and strategies to research, design, build and assess prototypes for products and/or processes that respond to society’s changing needs.
Students will describe how social factors, including culture, media, politics, religion, and environmental concerns, influence technological design. Students will also learn about professional practices in the field and will research postsecondary pathways leading to careers related to technological design.
An excellent course to prepare a student for a career in the development of products and environments.

TDJ 4MR Grade 12, Technological Design (University/College)

Prerequisite: Grade 11 Technological Design, University/College
This course introduces students to the fundamentals of design advocacy and marketing while building on their design skills and their knowledge of professional design practices. Students will apply a systematic design process to research, design, build and assess solutions that meet specific human needs, using illustrations, presentation drawings, and other communication methods to present their designs. Students will enhance their problem-solving and communication skills, and explore career opportunities and the postsecondary education and training requirements for them.
This course is designed to prepare a student for post-secondary studies in engineering, industrial or commercial design, architecture or graphic design.

TEJ 4MR Grade 12, Computer Engineering Technology (University/College)

Prerequisite: Grade 11 Computer Engineering Technology, University/College
This course extends students’ understanding of computer systems and computer interfacing with external devices. Students will assemble computer systems by installing and configuring appropriate hardware and software and will learn more about fundamental concepts of electronics, robotics, programming, and networks. Students will examine environmental and societal issues related to the use of computers, and explore postsecondary pathways leading to careers in computer engineering and related fields.

TFJ 4CR Grade 12, Hospitality and Tourism (College)

Prerequisite: TFJ3CA
This course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills related to the various sectors of the tourism industry. Students will demonstrate advanced food preparation and presentation skills; increase health and wellness knowledge; develop tourism administration and management skills; design and implement a variety of events or activities; and investigate principles and procedures that contribute to high-quality customer service. Students will expand their awareness of health and safety issues, environmental and societal issues, and career opportunities in the tourism industry.

TGJ 4OR Grade 12, Communications Technology: Digital Imagery and Web Design (Open)

Prerequisite: None
This course enables students to develop knowledge and skills in the areas of photography, digital imaging, animation, 3D modelling, and web design. Students will work both independently and as part of a production team to design and produce media products in a project-driven environment. Practical projects may include photo galleries, digital images, animations, 3D models, and websites. Students will also expand their awareness of environmental and societal issues related to communications technology and will explore postsecondary education, training, and career opportunities.

TGJ 4MR Grade 12, Communications Technology (University/College)

Prerequisite: TGJ3MR
This course enables students to further develop media knowledge and skills while designing and producing projects in the areas of live, recorded, and graphic communications. Students may work in the areas of TV, video, and movie production; radio and audio production; print and graphic communications; photography; digital imaging; broadcast journalism; and interactive new media. Students will also expand their awareness of environmental and societal issues related to communications technology and will investigate career opportunities and challenges in a rapidly changing technological environment.
Students will have the opportunities to develop their skills in audio/video production, 2D or 3D animation, graphic design, audio editing, desktop publishing, and web page construction.

TTJ 4CR Grade 12, Transportation Technology (College)

Prerequisite: TTJ3CR, TTJ3CW
This course enables students to further develop technical knowledge and skills as they study, test, service, and repair engine management systems; powertrains; steering/control, suspension, brake, and body systems on vehicles, aircraft, and/or watercraft; and/or small-engine products. Students will refine communication and teamwork skills through practical tasks, using a variety of tools and equipment. Students will expand their awareness of environmental and societal issues related to transportation and their knowledge of apprenticeship and college programs leading to careers in the transportation industry.

TTJ 4CW Grade 12, Transportation Technology (College) Double Credit 

Prerequisite: TTJ3CR, TTJ3CW
See TTJ4CR for course description.

TTJ 4ER Grade 12, Transportation Technology: Vehicle Maintenance (Workplace)

Prerequisite: None
This course introduces students to the servicing, repair, and maintenance of vehicles through practical applications. This course is appropriate for all students as a general interest course to prepare them for future vehicle operation, care and maintenance or for entry into an apprenticeship in the motive power trades.
Students will develop an awareness of environmental and social issues related to transportation, and will learn about careers in the transportation industry and the skills and training required for them.

TWJ 4ER Grade 12, Custom Woodworking (Workplace)

Prerequisite: TWJ3ER
This course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills related to the planning, design, and construction of cabinets and furniture for residential and/or commercial projects. Students will gain further experience in the safe use of common woodworking materials, tools, equipment, finishes, and hardware, and will learn about the entrepreneurial skills needed to establish and operate a custom woodworking business. Students will also expand their awareness of health and safety issues and environmental and societal issues related to woodworking and will explore career opportunities that may be pursued directly after graduation.

CANADIAN AND WORLD STUDIES

CHM 4ER Grade 12, Adventures in World History (Workplace)

Prerequisite: CHC2DR, CHC2PR OR CHC2LR
This course examines a variety of human experiences in world history from the earliest times to the present. Students will learn about a wide range of societies and cultures, examining such things as systems of government, technological developments, work, art, and religion. Students will apply methods of research and inquiry to examine human societies in many different times and places and to communicate points of view about their findings.

CHY 4CR Grade 12,  World History Since the Fifteenth Century (College)

Prerequisite: Any University or University/College preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities
This course explores key developments and events in world history since approximately 1450, with a focus on interactions within and between various regions. Students will examine social, economic, and political developments and how they have affected different peoples. Students will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence when investigating key turning points in world history and historical forces that have shaped our world.

CHY 4UR Grade 12, World History since the Fifteenth Century (University)

Prerequisite: Any University or University/College preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities
This course traces major developments and events in world history since approximately 1450. Students will explore social, economic, and political changes, the historical roots of contemporary issues, and the role of conflict and cooperation in global interrelationships. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate key issues and ideas and assess societal progress or decline in world history.

CLN 4UR Grade 12, Canadian and International Law (University)

Prerequisite: Any University or University/College preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
This course examines elements of Canadian and international law in social, political, and global contexts. Students will study the historical and philosophical sources of law and the principles and practices of international law and will learn to relate them to issues in Canadian society and the wider world. Students will use critical-thinking and communication skills to analyse legal issues, conduct independent research, and present the results of their inquiries in a variety of ways.

HSB 4UR Grade 12, Challenge and Change in Society (University)

Prerequisite: Any University, University/College or College preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies.
This course examines the theories and methodologies used in anthropology, psychology, and sociology to investigate and explain shifts in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behavior and their impact on society. Students will analyse cultural, social, and biological patterns in human societies, looking at the ways in which those patterns change over time. Students will also explore the ideas of classical and contemporary social theorists and will apply those ideas to the analysis of contemporary trends.

SOCIAL SCIENCES

HFL 4ER Grade 12, Food and Healthy Living (Workplace)

Prerequisite: None
This course focuses on the fundamental food needs of young adults. Students will learn how to stock a kitchen, make nutritious food choices, and accommodate the food needs of others. Through a range of practical experiences, they will develop skills needed in food preparation for personal use and for employment in the food industry. They will also learn about dining etiquette in different contexts and about responsible consumer practices. Students will use social science research methods to investigate issues related to food preparation and nutrition. 

HHG 4MR Grade 12, Human Development Throughout the Lifespan (University/College)

Prerequisite: Any University, University/College, or College preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies.
This course offers a multi-disciplinary approach to the study of human development throughout the life cycle, with particular emphasis on enhancing growth and development. Students will examine how the early brain and child development are linked to lifelong learning, health and well being, and will develop child-care and human-relationship skills through practical experience in a community setting. This course also refines students’ skills used in researching and investigating issues related to human growth and development.

HIP 4OR Grade 12, Personal Life Management (Open)

This course focuses on preparing students for living independently and working successfully with others.

HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PAI 4OU Grade 12, Fitness and Lifestyle Management, Co-ed (Open)

Prerequisite: None
Society has come to recognize that physical fitness and wellness is essential to the enhanced quality of life. This course introduces the student to the concepts of physical fitness and provides the means to become fit and develop a healthy lifestyle. Students through practical experience will address the various components of fitness. The student will engage in an effective fitness program and develop strategies to be successful at the various police services fitness standards.

PAF 4OR Grade 12, Personal and Fitness Activities, Co-Ed (Open)

Prerequisite: None
This course focuses on the development of a personalized approach to healthy active living through participation in a variety of sports and recreational activities that have the potential to engage students’ interest throughout their lives. Students will develop and implement personal physical fitness plans. In addition, they will be given opportunities to refine their decision-making, conflict resolution, and interpersonal skills, with a view to enhancing their mental health and their relationships with others. Students will have the opportunity to explore group and individual fitness activities (aerobics, fitness circuits, strength training, plyometrics), and lifetime recreational activities (badminton, bowling, etc.).

PAL 4OR Grade 12, Large Group Activities, Co-ed (Open) Double credit SHSM Hockey Package

This course is for students interested in working towards a Specialist High Skills Major in Sport with a focus on hockey and sport business. Certifications may include First Aid, CPR, AED, WHMIS, Officiating, Concussion Awareness, Coaching Performance.
Please select PAL3OR and PAL4OR on your option sheet.

PPL 4OR Grade 12, Healthy Active Living Education, Co-Ed (Open)

Prerequisite: None
This course focuses on the development of a personalized approach to healthy active living through participation in a variety of sports and recreational activities that have the potential to engage students’ interest throughout their lives. Students will develop and implement personal physical fitness plans. In addition, they will be given opportunities to refine their decision-making, conflict resolution, and interpersonal skills, with a view to enhancing their mental health and their relationships with others.
Activities will include team and individual sports in the school and the community. There may also be opportunities to participate in community recreation activities for a small fee (i.e. bowling, curling, rock climbing).

PSK 4UR Grade 12, Introductory Kinesiology (University)

Prerequisite: Grade 11 University or University/College Science, or Grade 11 or 12 Health and Physical Education, Open
Recommended background: Credits in Grade 11 University level English and Science courses
This course is for students intereseted in postsecondary Sport and Health Science studies or careers: exercise physiology, nursing, kinesiology, sport management/business, sports medicine, physiotherapy

LANGUAGES

ENG 4ER Grade 12, English (Workplace)

Prerequisite: ENG3ER
This course emphasizes the consolidation of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in the workplace and in daily life. Students will analyze informational, graphical, and literary texts and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms for workplace-related and practical purposes. An important focus will be on using language accurately and organizing ideas and information coherently. The course is intended to prepare students for the workplace and active citizenship.

ENG 4CR Grade 12, English (College)

Prerequisite: ENG3CR
This course emphasizes the consolidation of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyze a variety of informational and graphic texts, as well as literary texts from various countries and cultures, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms for practical and academic purposes. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for college or the workplace.

ENG 4UR Grade 12, English (University)

Prerequisite: ENG3UP or ENG3UR
This course emphasizes the consolidation of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyze a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college, or the workplace.
Recommended to have consistently achieved Level 3 or higher throughout ENG3U.

EWC 4CR Grade 12, The Writer’s Craft (College)

Prerequisite: ENG3CR (English, Grade 11, College Preparation)
This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will investigate models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to write a variety of works, and make considered decisions for improving the quality of their writing.  They will also complete a creative or analytical independent study project and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers. Strands: Investigating Writing, Practising Writing, Reflecting on Writing.

EWC 4UR Grade 12, The Writer’s Craft (University)

Prerequisite: ENG3UR
This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyse models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical independent study project, and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers.

FSF 4UR Grade 12, Core French (University)

Prerequisite: Grade 11 French, University
This course draws on a variety of themes to promote the extensive development of French-language skills. Students will consolidate their oral skills as they discuss literature, culture, and current issues. They will read a variety of texts and will write a formal essay. The uses of correct grammar and appropriate language conventions in both spoken and written French will be emphasized throughout the course.

OLC 4OR (OSSLC) Grade 12, Literacy Course (Open)

This course is designed to help students acquire and demonstrate the cross-curricular literacy skills that are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). Students who complete the course successfully will meet the provincial literacy requirement for graduation. Students will read a variety of informational, narrative, and graphic texts and will produce a variety of forms of writing, including summaries, information paragraphs, opinion pieces, and news reports. Students will also maintain and manage a portfolio containing a record of their reading experiences and samples of their writing.
Eligibility requirement: Students who have been eligible to write the OSSLT at least twice and who have been unsuccessful at least once are eligible to take the course.
Offered on a need basis. Please consult your school’s Special Education Department when choosing this course.

MATHEMATICS

MEL 4ER Grade 12, Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life (Workplace)

Prerequisite: Grade 11, Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life, Workplace
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life. Students will investigate questions involving the use of statistics; apply the concept of probability to solve problems involving familiar situations; investigate accommodation costs and create household budgets; use proportional reasoning; estimate and measure; and apply geometric concepts to create designs. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.
This course may not be acceptable for college programs – check college course calendars.

MAP 4CR Grade 12, Foundations for College Mathematics (College)

Prerequisite: Foundations for College Mathematics, Grade 11, College
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of real-world applications of mathematics. Students will analyse data using statistical methods; solve problems involving applications of geometry and trigonometry; simplify expressions; and solve equations. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. This course prepares students for college programs in areas such as business, health sciences, and human services, and for certain skilled trades.
Check college course calendars.

MAP 4CU Grade 12, Trade Calculations (College) Double Credit

This course will enable students to apply specific trade-related mathematical concepts and acquire foundation skills important in the fields of construction, welding, and plumbing.  Dual Credit.

MCT 4CR Grade 12, Mathematics for College Technology (College)

Prerequisite: Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College
This course enables students to extend their knowledge of functions. Students will investigate and apply properties of polynomial, rational, exponential, and trigonometric functions; continue to represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; develop facility in simplifying expressions and solving equations; and solve problems that address applications of algebra, trigonometry, and vectors and geometry. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. This course prepares students for a variety of college technology programs.
Check college course calendars.

MCV 4UR Grade 12, Calculus and Vectors (University)

Note: The new Advanced Functions (MHF4UR) can be taken concurrently with or can precede Calculus and Vectors.
This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors, and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course.
This course is intended for strong math students who aspire to mathematically oriented programs at university – check university course calendars.

MDM 4UR Grade 12, Mathematics of Data Management (University)

Prerequisite Grade 11, Functions, University or Grade 11, Functions and Applications, University/College
This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability, and statistics, and carry out a culminating project that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest.
Check university course calendars for their recommended Grade 12 Math course.

MHF 4UR Grade 12, Advanced Functions (University)

Prerequisite: Grade 11, Functions, University, or Mathematics for College Technology, Grade 12 College
This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students who plan to study mathematics in university and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.

SCIENCE

SNC 4ER Grade 12, Science (Workplace)

Prerequisite: Grade 10, Applied, or a Grade 10 locally developed compulsory credit (LDCC) course in science
This course provides students with fundamental science knowledge and workplace skills needed to prepare them for success beyond secondary school. Students will explore hazards in the workplace, chemicals in consumer products, disease and its prevention, electricity at home and at work, and nutritional science. Emphasis is placed on current topics in science and relevant, practical activities that develop students’ literacy and mathematical literacy skills and enhance their scientific literacy.

SBI 4UR Grade 12, Biology (University)

Prerequisite: Grade 11 Biology, University or Enriched
Recommended Background: Grade 11 Chemistry, University
This course provides students with the opportunity for an in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

SCH 4CR Grade 12, Chemistry (College)

Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic or Applied
This course enables students to develop an understanding of chemistry through the study of matter and qualitative analysis, organic chemistry, electrochemistry, chemical calculations, and chemistry as it relates to the quality of the environment. Students will use a variety of laboratory techniques, develop skills in data collection and scientific analysis, and communicate scientific information using appropriate terminology. Emphasis will be placed on the role of chemistry in daily life and the effects of technological applications and processes on society and the environment.

SCH 4UR Grade 12, Chemistry (University)

Prerequisite: Grade 11 Chemistry, University
This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

SPH 4CR Grade 12, Physics (College)

Prerequisite: Grade 10 Science, Academic or Applied
This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore these concepts with respect to motion; mechanical, electrical, electromagnetic, energy transformation, hydraulic, and pneumatic systems; and the operation of commonly used tools and machines. They will develop their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics and solve both assigned problems and those emerging from their investigations. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics and society and the environment.

SPH 4UR Grade 12, Physics (University)

Prerequisite: Grade 11 Physics, University
This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories.
Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data relating to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

GUIDANCE AND CAREER EDUCATION

GLE 4OR Grade 12, Advanced Learning Strategies: Skills for Success after Secondary School (Open)

Prerequisite: Recommendation of Head of Special Education
This course improves students’ learning and personal management skills, preparing them to make successful transitions to work, training, and/or postsecondary education destinations. Students will assess their learning abilities and use literacy, numeracy, and research skills and personal management techniques to maximize their learning. Students will investigate trends and resources to support their postsecondary employment, training, and/or education choices and develop a plan to help them meet their learning and career goals.
Registration is reserved for students with special needs.